The Human Lineage
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"This textbook, aimed at advanced undergraduates and postgraduates in paleoanthropology courses, tackles a rather difficult task—that of presenting the substantial body of paleontological, genetic, geological and archaeological evidence regarding human evolution, and the associated scientific history, in a logical and readable way without sacrificing either clarity or detail... the sheer quality of the writing and explanatory synthesis in this book will undoubtedly make it a valuable resource for students for many years."
This book focuses on the last ten million years of human history, from the hominoid radiations to the emergence and diversification of modern humanity. It draws upon the fossil record to shed light on the key scientific issues, principles, methods, and history in paleoanthropology. The book proceeds through the fossil record of human evolution by historical stages representing the acquisition of major human features that explain the success and distinctive properties of modern Homo sapiens.
- Provides thorough coverage of the fossil record and sites, with data on key variables such as cranial capacity and body size estimates
- Offers a balanced, critical assessment of the interpretative models explaining pattern in the fossil record
- Each chapter incorporates a "Blind Alley" box focusing on once prevalent ideas now rejected such as the arboreal theory, seed-eating, single-species hypothesis, and Piltdown man
- Promotes critical thinking by students while allowing instructors flexibility in structuring their teaching
- Densely illustrated with informative, well-labelled anatomical drawings and photographs
- Includes an annotated bibliography for advanced inquiry
Written by established leaders in the field, providing depth of expertise on evolutionary theory and anatomy through to functional morphology, this textbook is essential reading for all advanced undergraduate students and beginning graduate students in biological anthropology.
Koobi Fora homi-nins dating from 2.0 to 1.7 Mya (including robust Australopithecus, Habilines, and Ergasters) and to a sample of recent H. sapiens drawn from 30 populations. His analyses show that the degree and pattern of variation in the H. erectus sample resembles that of the single-species sample of H. sapiens, rather than that of the mixed-species sample. In each of these studies, the authors conclude that separation of the early African Erectines into a separate species (H. ergaster) is not
period, but some of the Atapuerca skulls—including AT404 from Sima de los Huesos and AT D6-69 from Gran Dolina (see below)— also have this feature. Mauer In 1907, workers at the Graferain Quarry at the German village of Mauer, near Heidelberg, found a primitive-looking human mandible in a layer of Pleistocene river sediment known as the “Lower Sands.” Various age indicators for these deposits, including TL dates and faunal correlations, suggest an age for the mandible between 475 Ky and 700
the study of modern human origins. In: Nitecki and Nitecki 1994: 227–249. Smith, F. (1997a) Modern human origins. In: Spencer 1997: 661–672. Smith, F. (1997b) Neandertals, In: Spencer 1997: 711–722. Smith, F. (1997c) Gibraltar, In: Spencer 1997: 435–438. Smith, F. (1997d) Virchow, Rudolf (1821–1902). In: Spencer 1997: 1094–1095. Smith, F. (1997e) Modern human origins. In: J. O. Vogel, Editor. Encyclopedia of Precolonial Africa. Walnut Creek: Altamira Press. 257–266. Smith, F.
der Tschechoslowakei. Prague: Academia. Vlek, E. (1970) Étude comparative onto-phylogénétique de l’enfant du Pech de l’Azé par rapport á d’autres enfants Néandertalien. AIPH 33:149–178. Vlek, E. (1973) Postcranial skeleton of a Neandertal child from Kiik-Koba, U.S.S.R. JHE 2: 537–544. Vlek, E. (1978) A new discovery of Homo erectus in Central Europe. JHE 7:239–251. Vlek, E. (1993) Fossile Menschenfunde von Weimar-Ehringsdorf. Stuttgart: Theiss. Vogel, G. (1999) Chimps in the wild
to be preserved as a fossil. We would therefore expect some time to elapse between the origin of a taxon and the appearance of its earliest fossil representative. The amount of time that can be expected to elapse, however, is a matter of debate (Martin 1993, Gingerich and Uhen 1994, Tavaré et al. 2002). From a broad ecological standpoint, the most important Cretaceous radiation was not that of the eutherian mammals, but that of the modern flowering plants, the angiosperms. In the late