Schizophrenia, Culture, and Subjectivity: The Edge of Experience (Cambridge Studies in Medical Anthropology)

Schizophrenia, Culture, and Subjectivity: The Edge of Experience (Cambridge Studies in Medical Anthropology)

Language: English

Pages: 382


Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

This 2004 volume brings together a number of the foremost scholars - anthropologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, and historians - studying schizophrenia, its subjective dimensions, and the cultural processes through which these are experienced. Based on research undertaken in Australia, Bangladesh, Borneo, Canada, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, the United States and Zanzibar, it also incorporates a critical analysis of World Health Organization cross-cultural findings. Contributors share an interest in subjective and interpretive aspects of illness, but all work with a concept of schizophrenia that addresses its biological dimensions. The volume is of interest to scholars in the social and human sciences for the theoretical attention given to the relationship between culture and subjectivity. Multidisciplinary in design, it is written in a style accessible to a diverse readership, including undergraduate students. It is of practical relevance not only to psychiatrists, but also to all mental health professionals.

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prayer from Islam,” I said like that. “When she got sick, I became like her enemy, so I had to be really patient (sabar). She recovered after I recited Sholawat nariah every night forty-one times, for almost one hour.” The illness began, they agreed, after Yani’s feelings had been hurt by being teased by Pak Han. She had gone to his pengajian, his religious service, was given the role of greeting the guests, and was asked to help set up the chairs. When she refused, saying she was too weak, Pak

among U.S. Latinos and EuroAmericans.” British Journal of Psychiatry 170: 20–5. Jenkins, Janis Hunter. 1998. “Diagnostic Criteria for Schizophrenia and Related Psychotic Disorders: Integration and Suppression of Cultural Evidence in DSM-IV.” Transcultural Psychiatry 35: 357–76. Jenkins, Janis Hunter and Dawn Miller. 2002. “A New Kind of Evidence for Mental Health Services and Interventions: Subjective Experience of Atypical Antipsychotic Medications.” Fifteenth International Conference on

of Clinical Psychiatry 57(suppl. 11): 53–60. Weiden, Peter J., Patricia L. Scheifler, Ronald J. Diamond, and Ruth Ross. 1999. Breakthroughs in Antipsychotic Medications: A Guide for Consumers, Families, and Clinicians. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. P1: Fjt 0521829550c01 Jenkins & Barrett 0 52182955 0 August 11, 2003 Understanding Fundamental Human Processes 18:33 61 White, Geoffrey. 1982. “The Ethnographic Study of Cultural Knowledge of ‘Mental Disorder.’ ” In A. Marsella and G. White,

reflections about the processes whereby culture might shape the evolution of schizophrenia. Our basic assumption, in this regard, is that experience is the key mediating variable; we propose here that it is P1: Fjt 0521829550c04 112 Jenkins & Barrett 0 52182955 0 August 11, 2003 10:49 E. Corin, R. Thara, and R. Padmavati critical to understand the pathways through which certain aspects of the social and cultural frame affect that experience. To do so requires the development of a richly

person to make sense of experiences that may be bizarre and anomalous. They may enable that person to build intersubjective understandings of the illness with others. Alternatively, some people with schizophrenia may draw on cultural resources to obfuscate and conceal experience from themselves and others, creating a barrier to understanding which serves to establishing social distance. In sum, what we know about culture and schizophrenia at the outset of the twenty-first century is the

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