Parrots Over Puerto Rico (Americas Award for Children's and Young Adult Literature. Winner)
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Above the treetops of Puerto Rico flies a flock of parrots as green as their island home. . . . These are Puerto Rican parrots. They lived on this island for millions of years, and then they nearly vanished from the earth forever. Puerto Rican parrots, once abundant, came perilously close to extinction in the 1960s due to centuries of foreign exploration and occupation, development, and habitat destruction. In this compelling book, Roth and Trumbore recount the efforts of the scientists of the Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Program to save the parrots and ensure their future. Woven into the parrots story is a brief history of Puerto Rico itself, from before the first human settlers to the present day. With striking collage illustrations, a unique format, and engaging storytelling, Parrots Over Puerto Rico invites readers to witness the amazing recovery efforts that have enabled Puerto Rican parrots to fly over their island once again."
for captive parrots to live and raise chicks. The captive-bred parrots had been trained to find food and avoid hawks, but many were caught by hawks anyway. So before the next sixteen parrots were released in 2001, they were given extra training. They heard a hawk’s whistle as the cutout shape of a hawk was passed over their cages. They watched a trained hawk attack a Hispaniolan parrot that was wearing a protective leather jacket. In time, the parrots learned to stay still or hide if a hawk
island for millions of years, and then they nearly vanished from the earth forever. But they are flying over Puerto Rico still, calling, Iguaca! Iguaca! If you look up from the forest, and you are very lucky, you might catch the spread out through the forest. The scientists were ready to create a second wild flock. In 2006, twenty-two captive-bred parrots were released in Río Abajo Forest. The newly released birds formed pairs, found nesting boxes, and raised their chicks. Dozens of parrots
because, with more fledglings produced than released, the program becomes self-sustaining 2002: Another 9 captive-bred Puerto Rican parrots released into El Yunque; total of 144 captive birds now live in the two aviaries 2001: Another 16 Puerto Rican parrots, trained to find food in the wild and avoid predators, released into El Yunque 2000: First 10 captive-bred Puerto Rican parrots released from Luquillo Aviary into El Yunque 1999: Río Abajo Aviary has population of 54 Puerto Rican parrots
rebuilt them. The Spaniards called the parrots cotorras, and they gave the island a new name: Puerto Rico, “rich port.” Iguaca! Iguaca! the parrots called when hurricane winds blew down the old trees where they had their nests. After the hurricanes passed, the parrots flew through the treetops to find new nesting holes. Boricuas (boh-REE-kwahs) Now people from many other parts of the world came to live in Puerto Rico. In 1513, Africans were brought to the island to toil as slaves under the
June 10, 2012. http://www. birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet. php?id=1666. “Prehistory of the Caribbean Culture Area.” National Park Service. http:// www.nps.gov/seac/caribpre.htm. Moores, Charlie. “The Puerto Rican Parrot.” Talking Naturally (blog), January 4, 2009. http://www.talkingnaturally.co.uk/puerto-rican-parrot/. Kirkpatrick, Randy. “The Decline, Recovery, and Captive Management Potential of the Puerto Rican Parrot.” Proceedings of the 1994 Annual Conference of the Southeast