Natural Resource Extraction and Indigenous Livelihoods: Development Challenges in an Era of Globalization
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This book provides an extended analysis of how resource extraction projects stimulate social, cultural and economic change in indigenous communities. Through a range of case studies, including open cast mining, artisanal mining, logging, deforestation, oil extraction and industrial fishing, the contributors explore the challenges highlighted in global debates on sustainability, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), and climate change. The case studies are used to assess whether and how development processes might compete and conflict with the market objectives of multinational corporations and the organizational and moral principles of indigenous communities. Emphasizing the perspectives of directly-affected parties, the authors identify common patterns in the way in which extraction projects are conceptualized, implemented and perceived. The book provides a deeper understanding of the dynamics of the human environments where resource extraction takes place and its consequent impacts on local livelihoods. Its in-depth case studies underscore the need for increased social accountability in the planning and development of natural resource extraction projects.
through the development of transferable skills and assets, including leadership skills from participation in partnerships, work experience from mine employment or procurement businesses, and investments in diversified businesses, municipal governance, and improved community infrastructure. Furthermore, capital accumulated from mining profits is entering other sectors – tourism, transportation, services, and community infrastructure for power, transportation, and health facilities – producing a
his agnates. Individual association with land is through membership and use, so there is a physical ongoing connection between land and a named group regardless of the individuals within it. Individual status within a kepo is realized through stewardship of sago palms, The Money Rain Phenomenon 85 the management and maintenance of which are transferred from both maternal and paternal kin. The transmission of resources from one generation to the next does not necessarily follow patrilineal
means of enabling more tolerant trade-offs between the different interests along the coast. 106 Natural Resource Extraction and Indigenous Livelihoods References Allison, E.H. 2001. ‘Big Laws, Small Catches: Global ocean Governance and the Fisheries Crisis,’ Journal of International Development, 13: 933–50. Allison E.H., Ellis, F. 2001. ‘The livelihoods approach and management of smallscale fisheries’, Marine Policy, 25: 377–88. Bavinck, M., Salagrama, V. 2008. ‘Assessing the Governability of
‘cost and risk reduction’, ‘competitive advantage’, ‘reputation and legitimacy’ or ‘synergistic value creation’. Weber (2008) provides a more comprehensive five-part list: 1) positive effects on company image and reputation; 2) positive effects on employee motivation, retention, and recruitment; 3) cost savings; 4) revenue increases from higher sales and market share; and 5) CSR-related risk reduction or management. Kurucz et al. (2008), and Carroll and Shabana (2010) generate
organization, RAIPON, insists that by introducing various legislative changes, the state has deliberately reduced indigenous peoples’ rights over natural resources in pursuit of state economic plans for mineral resource exploitation (RAIPON 2009). Revenue Distribution Evenki in Yakutia wanted to partake in sharing project benefits. Aspirations for improved quality of life, local employment and social investment are particularly important to these communities. Although Evenki communities in Aldan