Heading West: Life with the Pioneers, 21 Activities (For Kids series)

Heading West: Life with the Pioneers, 21 Activities (For Kids series)

Pat McCarthy

Language: English

Pages: 144

ISBN: 1556528094

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

Heading West traces the vivid saga of Native American and pioneer men, women, and children from the colonial beginnings of the westward expansion to the last of the homesteaders in late 20th century Alaska. In many respects, life in the backwoods and on the prairie was similar to modern life—children attended school and had daily chores, parents worked hard to provide for their families, and communities gathered for church and social events. But unlike today, pioneers lived against a backdrop of isolation, harsh weather, disease, and even plagues of locust. And for Native Americans, the westward expansion of settlers posed the most direct threat to their centuriesold cultures.
But pioneer life was not all hardship. Settlers were able to build lives and communities, and experience a freedom brought on by new possibilities. Author Pat McCarthy has woven dozens of firsthand accounts from journals and autobiographies of the era to form a rich and detailed story. Readers will find more than 20 activities to help them better understand their pioneering ancestors. Children will churn butter, dip candles, track animals, play Blind Man’s Bluff, create a homestead diorama, and more. And before they finish, readers won’t have just headed west, but back in time as well.

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the trail branched off toward destinations in different areas of California. One of these shortcuts, the Hastings Cut-Off, had proved disastrous for the Donner Party (see page 28). In 1841, John Bidwell led the first group of emigrants across the California Trail. Three years later, Caleb Greenwood was the first to take wagons on the trail. During the Gold Rush in 1849– 50, an estimated 70,000 gold-seekers crossed the country on the California Trail. The Oregon Trail The 2,170-mile Oregon Trail

If you want a dirt floor, it’s done. If you want a puncheon floor, draw the logs. (If you want to be more realistic, use popsicle sticks for the puncheon floor.) Fill the cabin with items pioneers owned, but remember, they didn’t own much. Make beds, a table, and stools, benches, or chairs. You don’t need the lid of the shoebox. Cover the outside on three sides and the bottom with brown paper and glue it down. Lay the box on its side and draw logs with a brown crayon or marker. (If you want, use

under them. An apron was also part of every woman’s outfit. It protected the dress from stains. A woman or girl could also use her apron to carry eggs, vegetables, or wood. Women wore long stockings and lace-up shoes. Women and girls wore sunbonnets outside to keep from getting sunburned, and they often wore other types of bonnets for special occasions. Men and boys wore long pants with suspenders and long-sleeved shirts to work. Straw hats protected them from the sun. For special occasions they

journals written during the expedition by Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and others who accompanied them. Just for Kids: Some Pioneer Recipes www.backwoodshome.com/articles/shober30.html Features a number of pioneer recipes, plus a word-search puzzle that you can print out and solve. Life as a Pioneer www.campsilos.org/mod2/students/life.shtml This site for kids includes activities such as an Internet scavenger hunt, and links to other pioneer sites. The Oregon Trail: Crossing the Great Plains

Pioneer Life www.42explore2.com/pioneer.htm Contains links to many other interesting sites about the pioneers. 117 Pioneers http://library.thinkquest.org/6400/default.htm Answers many of the questions you may want to ask about pioneers and their lives. Duncan, Dayton. Lewis & Clark: The Journey of the Corps of Discovery. New York: A.A. Knopf, 1997. Books to Read Giff, Patricia Reilly. Laura Ingalls Wilder: Growing Up in the Little House. New York: Viking Kestrel, 1987.* Fiction Bunting,

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