German Pocket Battleships 1939-45 (New Vanguard)
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After the end of World War I, the German Navy came up with the concept of the Panzerschiffe, or Pocket Battleship, as a method of circumventing treaty limitations on the size and types of ship Germany was permitted to build. New, more modern production methods, where welded construction prevailed over the older riveting process, were combined with the development of modern engines capable of fast speeds and a very powerful armament, far superior to that on any enemy Cruisers. This book covers these three sister ships, the 'Deutschland', the 'Admiral Graf Spee' and the 'Admiral Scheer', which formed the core of the Kriegsmarine's fighting power at the start of World War II.
further 2m x 4m antenna for FuMO 27 equipment. This equipment was added in 1941. F l a k f i re c o n t ro l In her final form, Admiral Scheer featured a 3cm rangefinder mounted in a rotating housing on the forward command centre just behind the secondary armament fire control. Two further SL4 self-stabilising flak controllers (an improved version of the SL2 fitted on Deutschland/Lützow) were mounted one either side of the funnel. Colour schemes and camouflage Like her sisters, Admiral Scheer
accommodation Drive motor 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 27 26 25 24 23 E 3 2 1 E: Admiral Graf Spee variants 4 5 F F: Admiral Scheer in action G 4 3 2 1 G: Camouflage schemes Wa r t i m e s e r v i c e The CinC, Grossadmiral Raeder (note the Admiral’s Baton carried in his right hand) visits the Admiral Scheer. The angle of this shot gives a good comparative view of the new, redesigned forward superstructure and bridge area.
Hermann von Fischel 1933–35 Kapitän zur See Paul Fanger 1935–37 Kapitän zur See Paul Wennecker 1937–39 Kapitän zur See August Thiele 1939–40 Fregattenkapitän Fritz Krauss 1940* Kapitän zur See Leo Kreisch 1941 Kapitän zur See Rudolf Stange 1941–43 Fregattenkapitän Biesterfeld 1943* Kapitän zur See Knoke 1944–45 Kapitän zur See Ernst Lange 1945 * Temporary Acting Commander 9 General construction data 10 The keel for the first of Germany’s new class of warships was laid on 5 February 1929 and
armament fire control. Two further SL2 self-stabilising flak controllers were mounted, one either side of the so-called ‘battle-mast’, and one further 3cm rangefinder was mounted just abaft the funnel. Colour schemes and camouflage As originally completed, Deutschland was finished in the pale grey colour typical of pre-war German warships. The main and quarterdecks were planked with teak whilst other horizontal surfaces were coated with a dark grey anti-slip surface. During the Spanish Civil War
once when she escaped detection by a flight of RAF torpedo bombers searching for her. On 25 May, having stopped off at Grimstadfjord on the way, she joined Admiral Scheer in Bogen Bay. Lützow became the flagship of Vizeadmiral Kummetz, and with Admiral Scheer was designated as Kampfgruppe 2. The two began carrying out battle exercises, though these were restricted somewhat by severe fuel shortages. In July, Lützow was selected to take part in an operation against Convoy PQ 17, designated as