From Black Power to Hip Hop: Racism, Nationalism, and Feminism (Politics History & Social Chan)

From Black Power to Hip Hop: Racism, Nationalism, and Feminism (Politics History & Social Chan)

Patricia Hill Collins

Language: English

Pages: 256

ISBN: 1592130925

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

In this, her groundbreaking book, Patricia Hill Collins examines the new forms of racism in American life and the political responses to them. Using the experiences of African American men and women as her touchstone, she covers a wide range of issues that connect questions of race to American identity. She follows the long arc of African American responses to racism in the US, from Black Nationalism, to Black feminism, to hip hop. Using this "genealogy," she then investigates how nationalism has operated and reemerged in the wake of contemporary globalization and the unexpected resurgence of nationalism. She then offers an interpretation of how Black nationalism works today in the wake of changing Black youth identity and the continuing need to draw on nationalism and feminism to formulate both a response to racism and a concrete platform of political action.

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Child care remains hard to find; health benefits are limited for those in part-time or seasonal employment; and lack of job security makes it difficult to plan. A history of racial segregation means that working-class African American women encounter limited opportunities in their own education, housing, employment, access to health care, and access to high-quality schools and recreational facilities for their children.24 New Realities If the nation-state is conceptualized as a national family,

far less threatening than what her rebellion symbolizes to the entire community. When Fighting Words Are Not Enough 113 Gender and Afrocentrism The guiding principles of Afrocentrism embraced Black cultural nationalism’s emphases on reconstructing Black culture, reconstituting Black identity, using racial solidarity to build Black community, and fostering an ethic of service to Black community development. More important, Black cultural nationalism’s unexamined yet powerful gender ideology

soon became apparent. The 1992 appointment of Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court signaled From Black Power to Hip Hop 11 a shift in Black nationalist politics. Despite Thomas’s record, Black Americans supported his candidacy because they still espoused norms of racial solidarity associated with Black nationalism. As a result of these types of decisions, African Americans found themselves increasingly represented by ‘‘Black’’ appointees who, often hand-picked by conservatives, failed to

popular culture also are important in addressing the antifeminist 154 Chapter Five trends of rap especially, and within hip-hop culture more generally. These are the female rappers whose disruptions of the misogynistic practices of rap are analyzed at length in Gwendolyn Pough’s Check It While I Wreck It: Black Womanhood, Hip-Hop Culture, and the Public Sphere.101 The other group within this border zone of Black nationalist feminism/Black feminist nationalism consists of African American

This situation whereby Black women’s first exposure to feminism occurs within women’s studies classrooms raises several questions. Can an academic feminism that lacks a link to a women’s movement and that is hobbled by its position on race, class, and nation serve African American women and other racial/ethnic women beyond helping them explore their personal issues? Here the term ‘‘women of color’’ can obscure more than it reveals. Terms such as ‘‘African American,’’ ‘‘Chicano,’’ ‘‘Puerto

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