Cultural Anthropology (7th Edition)
Barbara D. Miller
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Anthropology in today’s world.
Through clear writing, a balanced theoretical approach, and engaging examples, Cultural Anthropology stresses the importance of social inequality and human rights, the environment, culture change and applied aspects of anthropology. Rich examples of gender, ethnicity, race, class, and age thread through the topical coverage of economic systems, the life-cycle, health, kinship, social organization, politics, language, religion, and expressive culture. In addition, the last two chapters address how migration is changing world cultures and how the importance of local cultural values and needs are shaping international development policies and programs.
Note: MyAnthroLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MyAnthroLab, please visit:
www.myanthrolab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text + MyAnthroLab (at no additional cost): ValuePack ISBN-10: 0205949509 / ValuePack ISBN-13: 9780205949502
culture in the study, often performing tasks that an Horticultural Groups Gusii people, Kenya Maya people, Oaxaca, Mexico Tarong people, Philippines Intensive Agriculture or Industrial Groups Taira village, Okinawa, Japan Rajput people, village in North India Middle-class Euro-Americans, Orchard Town, New England, United States Source: Whiting and Whiting (1975). puberty a time in the human life cycle that occurs universally and involves a set of biological markers and sexual maturation. 150
6.7 Mainland Southeast Asia. promote prenatal practices, abiding by particular food taboos, which can be regarded as part of matrescence. Such rules make the pregnant woman feel that she has a role in ensuring that the pregnancy turns out well. In the West, medical experts increasingly define the prenatal period as an important phase of matrescence, and they have issued many scientific and medical rules for potential parents, especially mothers (Browner and Press 1995, 1996). Pregnant women are
social or recreational sex, and this pattern is related to lower rates of conflict compared to chimpanzees. Bonobos use sexual contact to prevent conflict and to resolve post-conflict situations. FIGURE 2.3 Chimpanzee/Bonobo Chimpanzees Terrestrial and arboreal Frequent tool users More hunting and meat-eating Hunting by males Male dominance over females Males share meat only Infanticide documented Frequent intergroup aggression Less frequent sexual behavior Male female sexual interactions
this period, microliths and other small, finely made 48 PA R T I I N T R O D U C T I O N T O C U LT U R A L A N T H R O P O L O G Y stone and bone tools are the defining elements of technology. Modern humans also made and used tools crafted from organic materials, such as nets and baskets. In many places, they created impressive works of art. Modern humans, like Homo erectus before them, first migrated out of Africa by land to the Middle East, where the oldest modern human fossils outside
or eventual equality in value. unbalanced exchange a system of transfers in which one party seeks to make a profit. generalized reciprocity exchange involving the least conscious sense of interest in material gain or thought of what might be received in return. CHAPTER 5 CONSUMPTION AND EXCHANGE 125 Balanced Exchange Generalized Reciprocity Expected Reciprocity Actors Kin, friends Trading partners Return Not calculated or expected Example Buying coffee for a friend Unbalanced