After the Ice: Life, Death, and Geopolitics in the New Arctic
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
New from Smithsonian Books, After the Ice is an eye-opening look at the winners and losers in the high-stakes story of Arctic transformation, from nations to native peoples to animals and the very landscape itself. Author Alun Anderson explores the effects of global warming amid new geopolitical rivalries, combining science, business, politics, and adventure to provide a fascinating narrative portrait of this rapidly changing land of unparalleled global significance.
Gillet, Nathan P., Dáithí A. Stone, Peter A. Stott, Toru Nozawa, Alexey Y. Karpechko, Gabriele Hegerl, Michael F. Wehner, and Philip D. Jones, (2008). “Attribution of Polar Warning to Human Influence.” Nature Geoscience 1: 750–754. 9. Stroeve, Julienne, Marika M. Holland, Walt Meier, Ted Scambos, and Mark Serreze (2007). “Arctic Sea Ice Decline: Faster than Forecast.” Geophysical Research Letters 34: L09501. 10. Serreze, Mark C. and Jennifer A. Francis (2006). “The Arctic Amplification Debate.”
Pannir Kanagaratnam (2006). “Changes in the Velocity Structure of the Greenland Ice Sheet.” Science 311: 986–990. 10. Rignot, E., J. E. Box, E. Burgess, and E. Hanna (2008). “Mass Balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet from 1958–2007.” Geophysical Research Letters 35: L20502. 11. Joughin, Ian (2008). “Seasonal Speedup Along the Western Flank of the Greenland Ice Sheet.” Science 320: 781. 12. Holland, David M., Robert H. Thomas, Brad De Young, Mads H. Riber-gaard, and Bjarne Lyberth (2008).
reindeer in the circumpolar world.2 Just as seals and whales mean life for the Inuit peoples on the other side of the Arctic, here in Siberia it is the reindeer which allow humans to survive. Only because of the reindeer’s superb adaptations to extreme cold can humans live in the Russian Arctic: without the gift of this animal’s meat for food, furs for warm clothing and tents, and its ability to carry people and loads across the land, there would be only a few fishers and trappers living in
drifting oil spills don’t recognize national boundaries, so it is not effective for each part of the Arctic to make up its own regulations. Nor can bodies which are responsible for just one sector (shipping or fishing, for example) build the best set of rules to protect the Arctic if each tackles its problems independently. Stresses from different causes (pollution plus overfishing, for example) add up, so the only effective way to look after the Arctic is by what is now known as “ecosystem-based
the shore-bound fast ice, let it freeze and harden, and keep going until you have built an ice road out over the sea ice. At the end of the road repeat the process until you have created your very own island to support a drill rig. You just need to be careful that the island is firmly grounded and will not unexpectedly turn into an ice ship. More than twenty such ice islands were built all over the Beaufort Sea during that first oil age. Of course, the islands melt away in summer so they are